Health Parameters

Immunity Parameter: mido tracks your immunity status by using 3 different tests. 

Leukocytes Test

mido tests the presence of Leukocyte Esterase to determine the presence of leukocytes, or white blood cells (WBCs) in your urine.

What is it?

Leukocytes are cells of the immune system that help fight off diseases and infections. Their presence can indicate an active infection.

What do leukocytes (WBCs) in urine mean?

In healthy individuals, little to no WBCs are found in the urine. High levels of WBCs in the urine suggests that your body is battling an infection somewhere in your urinary tract. This includes the bladder, the urethra (tube that carries the urine), or even your kidneys. These infections are referred to as Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs).

Why keep track of it?

UTIs aren’t serious if detected and treated in a timely manner. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the kidneys and bloodstream and become life-treating.

Nitrite Test

mido tests the presence of nitrites to determine the presence of bacteria in your urine.

What are they?

Nitrites are produced when an bacterial enzyme encounters a nitrates (a harmless chemical compound found in your urine) and reduces it into nitrites.

What do nitrites in your urine mean?

In healthy individuals nitrites are not present in the urine. When they appear, they indicate the presence of bacteria. This is referred to as bacteriuria. The most common cause of bacteria in your urine is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).

Why keep track of it?

UTIs are one of the most common bacterial infections acquired in the community and healthcare facilities. ~50% of all women will have an UTI at some point in their lives. Monitoring bacteria in your urine can help identify UTI-infections early, prompting timely treatment that decreases the risks for more serious long-term complications.

Hematuria Test

mido tests the presence of blood in your urine.

What is it?

Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Mido tests the enzymatic activity of erythrocytes (red blood cells).

What does blood in urine mean?

Normally no blood is present in the urine. When it is present, in many cases the cause is not so serious and has a quick remedy. Blood in the urine occurs when your kidneys, or other parts of your urinary tract, allow blood cells to leak into the urine. This can be caused by many reasons: one of the most common is UTIs, but it can also be caused by kidney infections, bladder or kidney stones, an enlarged prostate, strenuous exercise that leads to trauma of the bladder, or dehydration that causes breakdown of RBCs (red blood cells).

Why keep track of it?

Blood in the urine is the most sensitive test present on the mido card that can detect UTIs. Additionally, detecting the presence of blood in urine early can lead to prevention of serious health conditions through rapid treatment.

 

    Nutrition Parameter: mido tracks how your nutrition is affecting your health using 3 different tests. 

    pH Test

    mido measures the acidity of your urine, as a measure of how balanced your nutrition is.

    What is it?

    pH is a measure of how acidic or basic (alkaline) a substance is. The range that we use to measure pH goes from 0-14, with 7 being neutral. If something has a pH lower than 7, then it is acidic, while something that has a pH higher than 7 is basic (alkaline). Having the right body pH is key for optimal functioning of many of the processes in your body.

    What do urine pH values mean?

    Your urine’s pH is maintained by your kidneys ranging between 4.6 (acidic) to 8.5 (alkaline). The ideal urine pH ranges between 6.5-7.5. Some pathologies cause acidic pH. These include: metabolic disorders, diarrhea, and kidney disease. A more basic pH can also signal some health disorders such as kidney dysfunction, vomiting, or UTIs.

    Why keep track of it?

    Many clinical studies have found that pH is a good indicator of dietary intake of fruits, vegetables, and meats. In general, diets high in fish, meat, or cheese decrease your urine’s pH, making it acidic, while diets high in fruits and vegetables can increase your urine’s pH, making it closer to balanced, or more basic. Changes in your diet that promote a balanced body pH (~7) come with many health benefits, including prevention of metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, kidney disorders, as well as bettering your cardiovascular health and increasing your energy levels!

    Glucose Test

    mido measures your glucose (sugar) levels in your urine as a way of identifying and eventually preventing the development of metabolic disorders.

    What is it?

    Glucose is a type of sugar that your body needs and uses as energy. The sugar comes into your body from the conversion of carbohydrates that you eat. After digestion the sugar enters your bloodstream, where normally it gets shuttled into cells with the help of insulin. Inside the cell it gets used as energy for all your body processes.

    What does glucose in urine mean?

    Normally your urine has no glucose, as the kidneys absorb the glucose from the liquids that pass through them and send it to the bloodstream. When glucose is present in the urine, this is because the kidneys are unable to take enough glucose from the urine, and is called glycosuria. The cause of glycosuria (glucose in your urine) is excess sugars in your blood (hyperglycemia). This happens in metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes.

    Why keep track of it?

    Monitoring your glucose levels in your urine is an easy and non-invasive way of identifying early signs of metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes. Early detection of type 2 diabetes leads to early interventions with lifestyle and diet changes that can prevent some of the health complications that come with this disease.

    Ketone Test

    mido measures your acetoacetate (Ketone A) levels in your urine as a measure of metabolic disorders or your ketogenic diet.

    What are they?

    Ketones are chemicals that your body produces when it metabolizes fats. When not enough sugar is available for your cells to use as energy, your body switches energy currencies and goes from using glucose to fats, and then makes ketones.

    What do ketones in urine mean? 

    Normally, none to very low levels of ketones are present in your urine. But metabolic disorders that either hamper production of insulin (type 1 diabetes), or make the body unresponsive to it (type 2 diabetes), make your body incapable of using sugar as an energy currency. As a response, it uses fats, producing ketones, which then are present in your urine.

    In the past years ketogenic diets have become very popular. These diets restrict your carbohydrate intake dramatically, limiting the sugars in your body. This makes you use fats as energy, producing ketones. If you are on a ketogenic diet it is expected that during the initial weeks you will see an increase of ketones in your urine.

    Why keep track of it?

    Regular testing of ketones can help with early detection of metabolic disorders, preventing serious health complications associated with them. Additionally, if you’re trying a ketogenic diet, monitoring your urine ketones is a quick, non-invasive way that can help you stay in ketosis and reach your dietary goals.

    Hydration Parameter: mido tracks your hydration level by measuring the specific gravity of your urine.

    Specific Gravity Test

    mido measures the specific gravity (SPG) of your urine as a measure of your hydration level.

    What is it?

    The specific gravity (SPG) of something is the measure of its density in relation to that of a reference. In this case, mido measures the density of your urine in relation to that of water. The SPG of urine varies depending on your fluid intake.

    What does urine's SPG mean?

    Urine’s SPG values fall between 1.002 and 1.030. In general, higher values indicate lower hydration levels. If SPG doesn’t vary with fluid intake, this can indicate kidney disorders. Additionally, very low levels of SPG can be caused by a rare metabolic disorder (diabetes insipidus), which causes excessive thirst and high amounts of diluted urine.

    Why keep track of it?

    Hydration is important for essentially every bodily function, so maintaining optimal hydration levels ensure that your body can perform its best. Monitoring SPG of urine is a quick and non-invasive way to make sure you are getting all the fluids you need to perform your best and to detect malfunctioning of your kidneys, preventing serious health consequences down the line.

      Kidney Parameter: mido tracks your hydration level by measuring your urine protein levels.

      Protein Test 

      mido measures the acidity of your urine, as a measure of how your nutrition is influencing your body's balance.

      What are they?

      Proteins are large, complex molecules made up of amino-acids that do most of the work in the cells. They are also required for the structure, function, and regulations of most cells, tissues, and organs in your body. Your kidney filters waste products from your blood while sending back the things your body needs - including proteins.

      What do proteins in urine mean?

      Normally your urine has none, or very low levels of proteins present. High levels of proteins in your urine is referred to as proteinuria. Some conditions can cause transient elevation of proteins in your urine., which include stress, extreme cold, fever, and strenuous exercise. Persistent presence of proteins in urine can indicate kidney dysfunction.

      Why keep track of them?

      Kidney dysfunction affects ~10% of the population. Monitoring protein levels in the urine can allow early identification of kidney pathologies and management that will halt progression to chronic kidney disorders and eventual kidney failure.

      Liver Parameter: mido tracks your liver-function by using 2 different tests.

      Bilirubin Test

      mido tests the presence of bilirubin in your urine as an indicator of your liver function.

      What is it?

      Bilirubin is a yellowish substance in your blood, which is formed after the red blood cells are broken down by macrophages, a special type of cell in your immune system.

      What does bilirubin in urine mean?

      Normally, no bilirubin should be present in your urine. Even trace levels of bilirubin in your urine can indicate liver dysfunction. Presence of bilirubin in your urine is called bilirubinuria and often appears even before any other symptoms of liver dysfunction. Some liver diseases that can cause increased bilirubin levels include cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, bile duct inflammation, gallstones, and Gilbert’s Syndrome.

      Why keep track of it?

      High bilirubin levels are usually a sign that something is not right in your liver or gallbladder. Some of the conditions that cause this increase are not too serious, especially if caught early.

      Urobilinogen Test

      mido test the presence of urobilinogen as an indicator of your liver-function.

      What is it?

      Urobilinogen is a substance that is produced when bacteria that lives in your colon process bilirubin (a product of the breakdown of red blood cells). Most of the urobilinogen gets excreted in the form of feces and only very small amounts of urobilinogen are secreted via your urine.

      What does urobilinogen in urine mean?

      In healthy individuals, only trace amounts of urobilinogen are detected. An increased urobilinogen concentration in the urine is usually an early sign of liver damage, or an abnormal increase in the breakdown of red blood cells, which is called haemolysis.

      Why keep track of it?

      Similarly to bilirubin, high urobilinogen levels are usually a sign that something is not working in your liver or gallbladder. Monitoring urobilinogen levels can enable early detection of liver conditions, which can prevent further deterioration and development of serious health conditions.